Preliminary anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility studies on 2367 Ma Bangalore-Karimnagar giant dyke swarm, southern India: Implications for magma flow

Anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS) fabrics have been studied for the first time on a well constrained Paleoproterozoic Bangalore-Karimnagar giant mafic dyke swarm at ca. 2367 Ma in the Dharwar craton, south India. A total number of 43 samples from nine sites representing five N-E trending dykes have been subjected to AMS and conventional rock magnetic studies. The magnetic fabric is principally ferromagnetic in origin as the magnetic susceptibility values are >10−3 SI, which is further supported by Isothermal Remanent magnetization (IRM) studies. Hysteresis loops, Isothermal remanent magnetisation (IRM), thermomagnetic properties and optical observations indicate that pseudo single domain (PSD) low-titanium magnetite particles dominate the low field susceptibility of samples. The magnetic fabrics results correspond well with the comprehensive field studies. However, the degree of anisotropy results ranges from 0.4% to 12.8%, with a mean total anisotropy of 4.7%. The principal AMS axes for samples from all the sites are tightly clustered on equal area plots, and two main fabrics were revealed in the Bangalore-Karimnagar giant dyke swarm. In the first, the maximum sus- ceptibility axes is sub-horizontal and parallel to the dyke walls, minimum susceptibility axes plot near the pole of the dyke. It is interpreted as the primary magma flow direction. A second fabric with maximum susceptibility axis is sub-horizontal and perpendicular to the dyke walls, and is interpreted as a result of vertical compaction at a late stage of crystallization. Preliminary results suggest that dyke propagation in the Bangalore-Karimnagar giant dyke swarm preserve a flow-induced fabric slightly upwards to the NE and magma flow is sub-horizontal.



Babu N. Ramesh, Nagaraju E., Parashuramulu V., Venkateshwarlu M.; Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 306 (2020) 106540; external link