The south Indian shield, primarily consisting of Archean cratons and Cretaceous-Tertiary Deccan Volcanic Province (DVP), has undergone several major tectonic episodes during its evolution. The Deccan volcanism at Cretaceous-Tertiary (~65 Ma) is the last major tectono-thermal event, which influenced a substantial part of the south Indian shield. To understand the influence of the Deccan volcanism on the evolution of the south Indian shield, we study the crustal seismic structure of the ~65 Ma Deccan Volcanic Province and the adjacent ~2.6 Ga Eastern Dharwar Craton (EDC), which forms the basement of the volcanic terrain. We calculate teleseismic receiver functions for 18 broadband seismic stations along a ~1000 km long seismological profile that cut across both the EDC and DVP. The analysis and modelling, using H-Vp/Vs stacking and generalized neighbourhood algorithm inversion of the receiver functions show distinct crustal structure (crustal thickness, average com- position, shear wave velocity variation, nature of crust-mantle boundary, etc.) across the EDC and DVP. The results clearly indicate that the crustal structure is heterogeneous beneath the DVP compared to a relatively uniform structure below the EDC. Using results from this study along with earlier results, we infer that the present Eastern Dharwar Craton terrain is not affected by any tectono-thermal event for a long geological time, including the Deccan volcanism. Whereas, the present Deccan Volcanic Province is highly affected by the Reunion mantle plume-crust interaction.
Figure: Common Conversion Point (CCP) depth migrated receiver function along the EDC-DVP profile.
Sudesh Kumar, Sandeep Gupta⁎, Nagaraju Kanna, K. Sivaram; Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 306 (2020) 106543